Journal of Business Ethics 140 (1):17-42 (2017)

We report the results of an experiment designed to determine the effects of psychological proximity—proxied by awareness of pain and friendship—on moral reasoning. Our study tests the hypotheses that a moral agent’s emphasis on justice decreases with proximity, while his/her emphasis on care increases. Our study further examines how personality, gender, and managerial status affect the importance of care and justice in moral reasoning. We find support for the main hypotheses. We also find that care should be split into two components, one related to protection and the other to the preservation of relationships. Although gender does not affect moral reasoning directly, we find that it does so indirectly via personality, controlling for age, professional status, and professional background. We do not find a significant effect of managerial status on ethics of justice, but do find that holding a managerial position has a negative impact on ethics of care. Regarding personality, we detect significant positive effects of conscientiousness on ethics of justice and of neuroticism on ethics of care.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10551-015-2635-z
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,231
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 41 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Principle and Problem of Proximity in Ethics.P. Nortvedt & M. Nordhaug - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):156-161.
Moral Reasoning.Gilbert Harman, Kelby Mason & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.
What is Moral Reasoning?Leland F. Saunders - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology (1):1-20.
Animal Rights and the Problem of Proximity.David E. W. Fenner - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):51-61.
Moral Reasoning.Henry S. Richardson - 2013 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


Added to PP index

Total views
22 ( #515,518 of 2,518,449 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #408,186 of 2,518,449 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes