Journal of Indian Philosophy 49 (5):725-757 (2021)

Abstract
The doctrine of the twelve Kālīs is one of the earliest developments of the Śākta tradition of the Kālīkula/Kālīkrama/Mahānaya and it is well known in the later exegetical works of Abhinavagupta, Kṣemarāja, and Maheśvarānanda. Although the twelve Kālīs have been treated to some extent in secondary literature, a systematic study of the development and reception of this doctrine has not been undertaken yet. This is mainly due to the fact that most of the Kālīkula scriptures are available in manuscript form, and methodical analysis of their contents remains a desideratum. In this article, I intend to examine selected tantric scriptures teaching the doctrine of the twelve Kālīs, focusing on the development of the constituent elements of this doctrine, as they appear in different tantric sources. This article traces the origins of the twelve Kālīs to the esoteric teaching of the Sun-Goddess, linked to the tradition of the Skeleton of Kālī. It will argue that in the subsequent phase of the doctrine’s development the solar context gradually diminished and an emphasis on the twelve goddesses’ function as the destroyers of time became more and more pronounced. This tendency, in turn, influenced the codification of the twelve Kālīs as the fully-fledged doctrine of time-consumption, popular in the Trika and the Trika-inspired Krama sources.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10781-021-09488-9
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 69,160
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Approaching the Hindu Goddess of Desire.Brenda Dobia - 2007 - Feminist Theology 16 (1):61-78.
Arachne’s Voice: Race, Gender and the Goddess.Kavita Maya - 2019 - Feminist Theology 28 (1):52-65.
The Splendours and Dimensions of Yoga.R. S. Bajpai - 2002 - Atlantic Publishers and Distributors.
Education and the Concept of Time.Leena Kakkori - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (5):571-583.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2021-09-27

Total views
11 ( #849,141 of 2,499,305 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #101,994 of 2,499,305 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes