Non-conscious routes to building culture: Nonverbal components of socialization

Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (10-11):159-183 (2008)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Gesture and elaborate forms of nonverbal behaviour have been posited as necessary antecedents to language and shared conceptual understanding. Here we argue that subtle and largely unintentional nonverbal behaviours play a key role in building consensual beliefs within culture. We propose a model that focuses on the subtle and automatic nonverbal transmission of attitudes, beliefs and cultural ideals. Specifically, people extract attitudes and beliefs from nonverbal behaviour-- such extraction is both ubiquitous and efficient. The extracted attitudes and beliefs become individual beliefs if encountered frequently enough. Consequently, people may come to adopt the same attitudes, beliefs and behaviours in the absence of verbal communication. Finally, one's own nonverbal behaviour reflects the extracted attitudes, beliefs and ideals of those of one's group, serving as a means for transmitting culture. The implication is that subtle nonverbal behaviour is important for the creation and maintenance of culture.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 77,952

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Language shares neural prerequisites with non-verbal capacities.Georg Goldenberg - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):679-680.
Cognition and communication in culture's evolutionary landscape.Mark Schaller - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):748-749.
On value and culture.Guiren Yuan - 2006 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (2):237-244.
Metaphor and Mental Duality.Stevan Harnad - 1982 - In T. Simon & R. Scholes (ed.), Language, Mind, And Brain. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum. pp. 189-211.


Added to PP

19 (#596,282)

6 months
1 (#485,425)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references