Studies in Philosophy and Education 32 (4):397-414 (2013)

Abstract
Hoping is an integral part of what it is to be human, and its significance for education has been widely noted. Hope is, however, a contested category of human experience and getting to grips with its characteristics and dynamics is a difficult task. The paper argues that hope is not a singular undifferentiated experience and is best understood as a socially mediated human capacity with varying affective, cognitive and behavioural dimensions. Drawing on the philosophy, theology and psychology of hope, five modes of hoping are outlined: patient, critical, sound, resolute and transformative. The key aim of the paper is to illustrate how different modes of hoping are associated with different pedagogical strategies. Phrased differently, the paper seeks to delineate a range of pedagogies of hope. The phrase ‘pedagogy of hope’ is very much associated with critical theory—one thinks instantly of, for example, Paulo Freire, Henry Giroux or bell hooks. There are many pedagogies of hope, however, and an explicitly conservative text such as William Bennett’s Book of Virtues has as strong a claim to the title as Freire’s radical and utopian ideas. A broader argument, therefore, is that there is nothing inherently radical or subversive about a pedagogy of hope. Pedagogies of hope can serve to reproduce social relations as well as to transform them.
Keywords Philosophy of hope  Pedagogy  Critical pedagogy  Utopia  Social reproduction
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DOI 10.1007/s11217-012-9336-1
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References found in this work BETA

Pedagogy of the Oppressed.Paulo Freire - 2008 - In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge.
Pedagogy of the Oppressed.Paulo Freire - 1970 - Bloomsbury Academic.

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Citations of this work BETA

For an Education with No Hope.Oded Zipory - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (2):383-396.
Education and Hope.Joris Vlieghe - 2019 - Ethics and Education 14 (2):117-125.
Deleuze and Rorty on Hope: Educating Hope Against Neoliberalism.Ting Pei - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-12.

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Modes of Hoping.Darren Webb - 2007 - History of the Human Sciences 20 (3):65-83.

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