Ratio 29 (4) (2016)

Zach Weber
University of Otago
Even if you were the last person on Earth, you should not cut down all the trees—or so goes the Last Man thought experiment, which has been taken to show that nature has intrinsic value. But ‘Last Man’ is caught on a dilemma. If Last Man is too far inside the anthropocentric circle, so to speak, his actions cannot be indicative of intrinsic value. If Last Man is cast too far outside the anthropocentric circle, though, then value terms lose their cogency. The experiment must satisfy conditions in a seemingly impossible ‘goldilocks’ zone. To this end I propose a new version, the Ultramodal Last Man, which appeals to Routley's work in metaphysics and non-classical logic. With this ‘Last Last Man’, I argue that the Local/Global dilemma is resolved: impossible equations balance in ultramodal space. For defenders and critics alike, this helps to clarify the demands of intrinsic value, and renews a role for non-standard logics in value theory.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/rati.12133
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,683
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

What’s the Use of an Intrinsic Property?Carrie Figdor - 2014 - In Robert M. Francescotti (ed.), Companion to Intrinsic Properties. De Gruyter. pp. 139-156.
Intrinsic Vs. Extrinsic Value.Michael J. Zimmerman - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Rethinking Intrinsic Value.Shelly Kagan - 1998 - The Journal of Ethics 2 (4):277-297.
Intrinsic Value and Investment.Ken O'Day - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (2):194.
Toward a Theory of Intrinsic Value.Gilbert H. Harman - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (23):792-804.
Intrinsic Value, Goodness, and the Appeals of Things.Steven G. Smith - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (2):167-181.
Reasons and Values in Environmental Ethics.Lars Samuelsson - 2010 - Environmental Values 19 (4):517-535.
Toward a Demystification of Egalitarianism.Yingying Tang & Lei Zhong - 2013 - Philosophical Forum 44 (2):149-163.
On Intrinsic Value.John A. Bailey - 1979 - Philosophia 9 (1):1-8.
Intrinsic Value and the Supervenience Principle.Dale Dorsey - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (2):267-285.
Hyperventilating About Intrinsic Value.Fred Feldman - 1998 - The Journal of Ethics 2 (4):339-354.
Intrinsic Value and the Argument From Regress.Julia Tanner - 2007 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 12 (2):313-322..


Added to PP index

Total views
57 ( #191,467 of 2,462,379 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #223,366 of 2,462,379 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes