Abstract
Both Jaspers and his friend and intellectual mentor, Max Weber, took phenomenology to be a part of a tradition of "empathy" (Einfühlung) and "understanding" (Verstehen). Both concepts were important within the Methodenstreit, or methodological controversy, which was raging over the nature and the scientific status of the human sciences at the turn of the century. Empathy was an important concept for Jaspers and for Weber but not for other figures within the Methodenstreit, such as Wilhelm Dilthey and Georg Simmel, both of whom were also highly influential on Jaspers and Weber. Understanding was a crucial concept for all these men. To them, it was the defining feature of the human sciences. All of these authors and the Methodenstreit in general were dominated by themes that were fundamentally Kantian. Also present within the Methodenstreit were socalled neo-Kantian figures such as Wilhelm Windelband and Heinrich Rickert, who were successively Jaspers's professors after he left the practice of psychiatry in 1913 to take up a lectureship in psychology within the Heidelberg department of philosophy. An interest in the differing logic of the natural, and the human or cultural, sciences was the neo-Kantian influence on the Methodenstreit. Empathy played no part whatsoever, and understanding played a late, different, and minor part in Rickert's thinking. Jaspers's phenomenology begins from the same neo-Kantian themes as Rickert's theory of science, but Jaspers does not follow Rickert into his detailed distinctions between the two kinds of science. For Jaspers, phenomenology was an "understanding, empathic representation" (verstehende, einfühlende Vergegenwärtigung) of the other person's psychic life. For Weber, it was an "empathic understanding" (einfühlende Verstandnis). Both Jaspers and Weber believed that this definition of phenomenology was exactly in line with Husserl's own thinking. This paper shows that their belief was a serious misunderstanding of Husserl's view.
Keywords Intersubjectivity  Jaspers  Husserl  Phenomenology
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,657
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Phenomenology as a Form of Empathy.Matthew Ratcliffe - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (5):473-495.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Karl Jaspers and Edmund Husserl—III: Jaspers as a Kantian Phenomenologist.Chris Walker - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (1):65-82.
Karl Jaspers and Edmund Husserl—II: The Divergence.Chris Walker - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (4):245-265.
Karl Jaspers and Edmund Husserl: 1, The Perceived Convergence.Chris Walker - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (2):117-134.
Commentary on "Karl Jaspers and Edmund Husserl".Ruth F. Chadwick - 1995 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 2 (1):83-84.
Phenomenology and the Natural Sciences: Essays and Translations.Joseph J. Kockelmans (ed.) - 1970 - Evanston: Northwestern University Press.
A Contemporary Approach to Jaspers’ Static Understanding.Angeliki Zoumpouli - 2012 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 5 (2):48-50.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2013-12-01

Total views
54 ( #201,825 of 2,462,366 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #178,988 of 2,462,366 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes