A Response to Seyed N. Mousavian, "Did Suhrawardi Believe in Innate Ideas as A Priori Concepts? A Note"

Philosophy East and West 64 (2):481-486 (2014)
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I should, I suppose, begin by taking some personal responsibility for this controversy. When my late friend Hossein Ziai and I published our edition and translation of Suhrawardī’s Ḥikmat al-Ishrāq (hereafter Philosophy of Illumination), we chose “innate” as our rendering of fiṭrī. I don’t remember discussing the rendering, and we did not bother to mention it in the glossary. Hossein had used this rendering in his first book, Knowledge and Illumination, stating that “innate ideas serve as the grounds for knowledge.”1 Others, however, have rendered the term and its source, fiṭra, as “nature,” “natural spirit,”2 or “innate disposition.”3So what does fiṭra mean? Al-Tahānawī, in his dictionary of Islamic technical ..



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Avicenna on the Primary Propositions.Seyed N. Mousavian & Mohammad Ardeshir - 2018 - History and Philosophy of Logic 39 (3):201-231.
Suhrawardi.Roxanne Marcotte - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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