Agents, Impartiality, and the Priority of Claims over Duties: Diagnosing Why Thomson Still Gets the Trolley Problem Wrong by Appeal to the “Mechanics of Claims” [Book Review]

Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):545-571 (2012)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Judith Jarvis Thomson recently argued that it is impermissible for a bystander to turn a runaway trolley from five onto one. But she also argues that a trolley driver is required to do just that. We believe that her argument is flawed in three important ways. She fails to give proper weight to (a) an agent¹s claims not to be required to act in ways he does not want to, (b) impartiality in the weighing of competing patient-claims, and (c) the role of patient-claims in determining agent-duties. All three of these failures can be understood in terms of what we call the Mechanics of Claims, an approach we develop for identifying and balancing competing claims in determining rights. Using that framework, one can see both why Thomson's most recent argument is mistaken, and how to think more clearly about deontological choices generally

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,873

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Self-Sacrifice and the Trolley Problem.Ezio Di Nucci - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (5):662-672.
On Three Arguments against Endurantism.Greg Janzen - 2011 - Metaphysica 12 (2):101-115.
Turning the trolley.Judith Jarvis Thomson - 2008 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (4):359-374.
Against posthumous rights.Stephen Winter - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):186-199.
Promises, Rights and Claims.David Alm - 2011 - Law and Philosophy 30 (1):51-76.
Political theory and cultural diversity.Peter Jones - 1998 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 1 (1):28-62.

Analytics

Added to PP
2012-11-30

Downloads
123 (#149,808)

6 months
23 (#125,496)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Alec Walen
Rutgers University - New Brunswick

Citations of this work

How (and How Not) to Defend Lesser-Evil Options.Kerah Gordon-Solmon - 2022 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 20 (3-4):211-232.
Self-Defense.Helen Frowe & Jonathan Parry - 2021 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2021.
II—Claim Rights, Duties, and Lesser-Evil Justifications.Helen Frowe - 2015 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 89 (1):267-285.
The moral irrelevance of moral coercion.Helen Frowe - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (11):3465-3482.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Turning the trolley.Judith Jarvis Thomson - 2008 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (4):359-374.
The Just Distribution of Harm Between Combatants and Noncombatants.Jeff Mcmahan - 2010 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (4):342-379.
Another trip on the trolley.Michael J. Costa - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):461-466.
Another Trip on the Trolley.Michael J. Costa - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):461-466.

Add more references