Do the Results of Divine Actions Have Preceding Causes?

European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (2):347-367 (2011)
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If God brings about an event in the universe, does it have a preceding cause? For example, if the universe began with the Big Bang and if God brought it about, did the Big Bang then have a preceding cause? The standard answer is: yes, it was caused by a divine willing. I propose an alternative view: God’s actions, unlike human actions, are not initiated by willings, undertakings, or volitions, but God brings about the intended event directly. Presenting a solution to the dilemma of free will I explain what ‘bringing about directly’ means and show that the question of what an action begins with is distinct from the question whether it is a basic action.



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Daniel von Wachter
International Academy of Philosophy In The Principality of Liechtenstein

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References found in this work

Autonomous Agents: From Self Control to Autonomy.Alfred R. Mele - 1995 - New York, US: Oxford University Press.
Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will.Timothy O'Connor - 2000 - New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
.R. G. Swinburne - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
The Coherence of Theism (revised edition).Richard Swinburne - 1977 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
Personal agency: the metaphysics of mind and action.E. J. Lowe - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press.

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