European Journal of Risk Regulation 2 (3):147-156 (2012)
AbstractThe precautionary principle in public decision making concerns situations where following an assessment of the available scientiﬁc information, there are reasonable grounds for concern for the possibility of adverse effects on the environment or human health, but scientiﬁc uncertainty persists. In such cases provisional risk management measures may be adopted, without having to wait until the reality and seriousness of those adverse effects become fully apparent. This is the deﬁnition of the precautionary principle as operationalized under EU law. The precautionary principle is a deliberative principle. Its application involves deliberation on a range of normative dimensions which need to be taken into account while making the principle operational in the public policy context. Under EU law, any risk management measures to be adopted while implementing the precautionary principle, have to be proportionate to ensure the chosen high level of protection in the European Community. This articlewill illustrate the established practice concerning the release of genetically modiﬁed organisms into the environment and how the principle is implemented under hard law. The article also provides an outlook on what this may imply for the relative new case of nanotechnology and the use of precautionary principle within the context of soft law (use of codes of conduct).
Similar books and articles
From 'the' Precautionary Principle to Precautionary Principles.Lauren Hartzell-Nichols - 2013 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (3):308-320.
The normative challenges of the precautionary principle.Rene von Schomberg - 2006 - In Elizabeth Fisher & Rene von Schomberg (eds.), Implementing the Precautionary Principle: Perspectives and Prospects. Edward Elgar. pp. 19-42.
Is the Precautionary Principle a Midlevel Principle?Per Sandin & Martin Peterson - 2019 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 22 (1):34-48.
Extrapolation, uncertainty factors, and the precautionary principle.Daniel Steel - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (3):356-364.
What is the sufficientarian precautionary principle?G. Owen Schaefer - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (9):1083-1084.
The Epistemology of the Precautionary Principle: Two Puzzles Resolved.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (5):1013-1021.
The Lack of Clarity in the Precautionary Principle.Derek Turner & Lauren Hartzell - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (4):449 - 460.
Should the precautionary principle guide our actions or our beliefs?M. Peterson - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (1):5-10.
Rationality, Expected Utility Theory and the Precautionary Principle.Andreas Christiansen - 2019 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 22 (1):3-20.
Formulating the Precautionary Principle.Neil A. Manson - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (3):263-274.
Uncertainty and Precaution 2: The Precautionary Principle and its relevance to science.Matthias Kaiser - 2004 - Global Bioethics 17 (1):81-92.
Learning from the law to address uncertainty in the precautionary principle.Carl F. Cranor - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):313-326.
Is the precautionary principle unscientific?B. D. - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (2):329-344.
On the Epistemology of the Precautionary Principle.J. Adam Carter & Martin Peterson - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):1-13.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
The Precautionary Principle and the Tolerability of Blood Transfusion Risks.Koen Kramer, Hans L. Zaaijer & Marcel F. Verweij - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (3):32-43.
References found in this work
No references found.