European Biotechnology Regulation: Framing the Risk Assessment of a Herbicide-Tolerant Crop

Science, Technology and Human Values 22 (4):472-505 (1997)
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Abstract

As products of the "new biotechnology," genetically modified organisms have provoked a wide-ranging risk debate on potential harm, especially from herbicide-tolerant crops. In response to this legitimacy problem, the European Community adopted precautionary legislation, which left open the definition of environmental harm. When the U.K. proposed Europe-wide market approval of a herbicide-tolerant oilseed rape, the proposal encountered dissent from some countries and environmentalist groups. Further debate on normative judgments became necessary to implement the precaution ary legislation. In dispute were several regulatory boundaries—of administrative re sponsibility, causality, acceptability, and evidence. The boundary disputes expressed divergentframings of biotechnological risk, each with its implicit model of the socionatu ral order. In this way, the disputes can illuminate the sorts of risk framings that have already become embedded and standardized in other regulatory sectors.

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Rene Von Schomberg
Aachen University of Technology

Citations of this work

Buckets of Resistance: Standards and the Effectiveness of Citizen Science.Gwen Ottinger - 2010 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 35 (2):244-270.
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Can food safety policy-making be both scientifically and democratically legitimated? If so, how?Erik Millstone - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (5):483-508.

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References found in this work

Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity.Ulrich Beck, Mark Ritter & Jennifer Brown - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (4):367-368.
Technological Citizenship: A Normative Framework for Risk Studies.Philip J. Frankenfeld - 1992 - Science, Technology and Human Values 17 (4):459-484.

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