Flow and structure of time experience – concept, empirical validation and implications for psychopathology

Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-24 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX


We present a conceptual framework on the experience of time and provide a coherent basis on which to base further inquiries into qualitative approaches concerning time experience. We propose two Time-Layers and two Time-Formats forming four Time-Domains. Micro-Flow and Micro-Structure represent the implicit phenomenal basis, from which the explicit experiences of Macro-Flow and Macro-Structure emerge. Complementary to this theoretical proposal, we present empirical results from qualitative content analysis obtained from 25 healthy participants. The data essentially corroborate the theoretical proposal. With respect to Flow, the phenomenally accessible time experience appeared as a continuous passage reaching from the past through the present into the future. With respect to Structure, the individual present was embedded in the individual biography, emerging from past experiences and comprising individual plans and goals. New or changing plans and goals were being integrated into the existing present, thus forming a new present. The future appeared as changeable within the present, by means from the past, and therefore as a space of potential opportunities. Exemplarily, we discuss these results in relation to previous empirical findings on deviant experiences of time in Autism Spectrum Disorder that is presumably characterized by a breakdown of Flow and concomitant compensatory repetition resulting in an overly structured time. Finally, we speculate about possible implications of these findings both for psychopathological and neuroscientific research.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 86,412

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

The Future of the Philosophy of Time.Adrian Bardon (ed.) - 2011 - London: Routledge.
An argument against the intuitive nature of presentism.Kathleen Lynch - 2010 - Emergent Australasian Philosophers 3 (1).
Time, Emotion, and Depression.Shaun Gallagher - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):127-132.
Time and tense in perceptual experience.Christoph Hoerl - 2009 - Philosophers' Imprint 9:1-18.
The Elusive Appearance of Time.Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson - 2013 - In Christer Svennerlind, Jan Almäng & Rognvaldur Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 5--304.
Beyond a-and b-time.Clifford Williams - 2003 - Philosophia 31 (1-2):75-91.
Time, Reality and Experience.Craig Callender (ed.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
From the question of time to the time of questioning : husserl and the ambiguity of time.Sai Hang Kwok - 2017 - Dissertation, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology


Added to PP

17 (#711,220)

6 months
2 (#522,698)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?