The Way We Ask for Money… The Emergence and Institutionalization of Grant Writing Practices in Academia
Minerva 56 (1):85-107 (2018)
AbstractAlthough existing scholarship offers critical insights into the working mechanisms of project-based research funding, little is known about the actual practice of writing grant proposals. Our study seeks to add a longitudinal dimension to the ongoing debate on the implications of competitive research funding by focusing on the incremental adjustment of the funder/fundee relationship around a common discursive practice that consists in describing and evaluating research projects: How has the perception of what constitutes a legitimate funding claim changed over time and why? By investigating the normative framework enacted in the justification strategies of applicants, we shed light on the historical coevolution of the increasing competition for project funding, the epistemic culture of applicants, and grant writing rhetoric. To do this, we mobilize a comprehensive data set consisting of archival data from Europe’s oldest and largest funding agency, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, as well as a corpus of 80 successful grant proposals written between 1975 and 2005. We find that the 1990s mark an important normative consolidation of what we consider to be a legitimate funding claim: Ensuring the success of the project and the project’s results becomes a major concern in applicant rhetoric. This time period coincides with a substantive rise in the level of competition for project funding. Yet, even though justification strategies might seem to address the same issues in grant proposals across the disciplines under investigation, the normative framework to which applicants refer differs according to the applicant’s epistemic culture.
Similar books and articles
Projectification of Doctoral Training? How Research Fields Respond to a New Funding Regime.Marc Torka - 2018 - Minerva 56 (1):59-83.
The Complete Writing Guide to Nih Behavioral Science Grants.Lawrence M. Scheier & William L. Dewey (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press USA.
The Drawbacks of Project Funding for Epistemic Innovation: Comparing Institutional Affordances and Constraints of Different Types of Research Funding.Thomas Franssen, Wout Scholten, Laurens K. Hessels & Sarah de Rijcke - 2018 - Minerva 56 (1):11-33.
Changing Funding Arrangements and the Production of Scientific Knowledge: Introduction to the Special Issue.Jochen Gläser & Kathia Serrano Velarde - 2018 - Minerva 56 (1):1-10.
Competitive Research Grants and Their Impact on Career Performance.Carter Bloch, Ebbe Krogh Graversen & Heidi Skovgaard Pedersen - 2014 - Minerva 52 (1):77-96.
A Discussion on Governmental Research Grants.Hui Fang - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1285-1296.
The Impact of Changing Funding and Authority Relationships on Scientific Innovations.Richard Whitley, Jochen Gläser & Grit Laudel - 2018 - Minerva 56 (1):109-134.
Supervision and Early Career Work Experiences of Estonian Humanities Researchers Under the Conditions of Project-Based Funding.Jaana Eigi, Pille Põiklik, Endla Lõhkivi & Katrin Velbaum - 2014 - Higher Education Policy 27 (4):453 - 468.
Why Do Funding Agencies Favor Hypothesis Testing?Chris Haufe - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):363-374.
Research Funding and Authorship: Does Grant Winning Count Towards Authorship Credit?Barton Moffatt - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):683-686.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Stress-Inducing and Anxiety-Ridden: A Practice-Based Approach to the Construction of Status-Bestowing Evaluations in Research Funding.Peter Edlund & Inti Lammi - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):397-418.
Novel, Original, and Business as Usual: Contributing in the Humanities.Tomas Hellström - 2022 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 21 (4):339-357.
Re-invent Yourself! How Demands for Innovativeness Reshape Epistemic Practices.Ruth I. Falkenberg - 2021 - Minerva 59 (4):423-444.
References found in this work
Epistemic Cultures: How the Sciences Make Knowledge.Karin Knorr-Cetina - 1999 - Harvard University Press.
Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.Daniel Little - 1991 - Westview Press.
The Intellectual and Social Organization of the Sciences.Richard Whitley - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
On Justification: Economies of Worth.Luc Boltanski & Laurent Thévenot - 2006 - Princeton University Press.