Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1865-1871 (2011)

Experiences of having caused a certain outcome may arise from motor predictions based on action–outcome probabilities and causal inferences based on pre-activated outcome representations. However, when and how both indicators combine to affect such self-agency experiences is still unclear. Based on previous research on prediction and inference effects on self-agency, we propose that their contribution crucially depends on whether people have knowledge about the causal relation between actions and outcomes that is relevant to subsequent self-agency experiences. Therefore, we manipulated causal knowledge that was either relevant or irrelevant by varying the probability of co-occurrence of specific actions and outcomes. Afterwards, we measured self-agency experiences in an action–outcome task where outcomes were primed or not. Results showed that motor prediction only affected self-agency when relevant actions and outcomes were learned to be causally related. Interestingly, however, inference effects also occurred when no relevant causal knowledge was acquired
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DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2011.09.007
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References found in this work BETA

The Illusion of Conscious Will.R. Holton - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):218-221.

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The Time Windows of the Sense of Agency.Chlöé Farrer, G. Valentin & J. M. Hupé - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1431-1441.

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