3. O “progresso na consciência da liberdade”: Um aspecto ético da Filosofia da História de Hegel

Ethic@ - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 14 (1):82-103 (2015)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Some features of Hegel’s Philosophy of History make it hardly acceptable in the 21st century. It proposes a final destination (Endzweck) of history, together with a principle of rational, dialectic necessity to take it there. In fact, these conceptions are not as absurd as they may seem to contemporary eyes. Nevertheless, the article doesn’t pretend to defend them, but aims to show that there is, behind these two, a third principle which is well worth to be defended –and which, in fact, can systematically maintained without support from the other two. This we can call the “Principle of ethical asymmetry in history”. However, we also can name it by the formula Hegel himself coined: the “progress in the consciousness of liberty”. To explain this idea, the article evidences that the fundamental characteristic of all normativity is practical knowledge de se. In morality or ethics, this turns reflexive and self-determining. Liberty in Hegel’s sense effectively realizes this knowledge de se not only in a formal and abstract way, as in Kant, but concretely in history and in specific communities. However, since liberty in this process always remains linked to that normative self-comprehension which constitutes our practical self-consciousness, the processes of historical realization of liberty are normatively irreversible. Precisely for this process has an element of objective and unconditional aspect. The article concludes with some remarks as to how this principle of ethical asymmetry in history can serve as a basis of e new ethical theory which is strongly normative and, at the same time, sensitive to historic context an human finitude.

Similar books and articles

Hegel e a história mundial.Leonardo Alves Vieira - 2006 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 51 (1):69-83.
Gênese Do "espírito Ético" Na Filosofia Do Espírito De Jena.Erick de Lima - 2007 - Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 10:79-102.
Ethics and History in Hegel’s Practical Philosophy.Mark Alznauer - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 65 (3):581-611.
Habermas y el retorno a las objeciones de Hegel contra Kant.Mauricio Montoya Londoño - 2006 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 10:75-83.
Politics and morality in Habermas' discourse ethics.Gulshan Khan - 2012 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (2):149-168.
Sartre and Hegel on Thymos, History and Freedom.Jennifer Ang - 2014 - Cosmos and History 10 (2):229-249.
Kant, Hegel, and Determining Our Duties.Kenneth Westphal - 2005 - Jahrbuch für Recht and Ethik/Annual Review of Law & Ethics 13:335-354.
Hegel: Vision und Konstruktion einer Vernunftgeschichte der Freiheit.Thomas Grüning & Klaus Vieweg - 1991 - Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften.
Rawls, Hegel e o liberalismo da liberdade.Cesar Augusto Ramos - 2005 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 50 (1):41-65.
Sobre a apresentação lírica da história: Hegel e o poema moderno.Ammon Allred - 2015 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 60 (1):50-68.


Added to PP

516 (#24,942)

6 months
52 (#39,871)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Konrad Utz
Universidade Federal do Ceará

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references