Journal of Nietzsche Studies 38 (1):60-84 (2009)

This article examines Nietzsche's engagement with Stoic philosophical therapy in the free spirit trilogy. I suggest that Nietzsche first turned to Stoicism in the late 1870s in his attempt to develop a philosophical therapy that might treat the injuries human beings suffer through fate or chance without recourse to the metaphysical theodicies discredited by Enlightenment skepticism and positivism. I argue that in HH and D Nietzsche adopts a conventional form of Stoic therapy. The article then shows how Nietzsche came to take a critical stance against Stoic therapy on the grounds that it entails a radical extirpation of the value judgments that underpin the emotions. For this reason, I claim that in GS he attempts to develop a rival philosophical therapy, one that aims to enable human beings to unconditionally affirm fate but without this affirmation entailing, as it does for the Stoics, the dissolution of all emotional valuations. However, despite Nietzsche's belief that he had fundamentally broken with Stoicism, I argue, first, that Nietzsche's therapy in GS is deeply indebted to a "cosmic" model of Stoicism, which consists in the loving consent to the events that happen to us, and second, that he gives us no reasonable account of how it is possible to unconditionally affirm fate without adopting some form of Stoic indifference or apatheia.
Keywords Nietzsche   Stoicism   Philosophical therapy   Emotions   Eternal recurrence  C1  970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology  2202 History and Philosophy of Specific Fields
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.2307/jnietstud.38.2009.0060
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,436
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Philosophy as Therapy: Towards a Conceptual Model.Konrad Banicki - 2014 - Philosophical Papers 43 (1):7-31.
Sobre el "arte de vivir" en Epícteto.Germán A. Meléndez - 2014 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 20:271-310.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles


Added to PP index

Total views
53 ( #216,099 of 2,520,364 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #270,555 of 2,520,364 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes