Ethics and Information Technology 21 (4):295-305 (2019)

Authors
Tomasz Żuradzki
Jagiellonian University
Abstract
According to psychological research, people are more eager to help identified individuals than unidentified ones. This phenomenon significantly influences many important decisions, both individual and public, regarding, for example, vaccinations or the distribution of healthcare resources. This paper aims at presenting definitions of various levels of identifiability as well as a critical analysis of the main philosophical arguments regarding the normative significance of the identifiability effect, which refer to: (1) ex ante contractualism; (2) fair distribution of chances and risks; (3) anti-aggregationist principles that recommend the distribution of bad effects and the concentration of good ones. I will show that these arguments, although connected with interesting philosophical problems regarding e.g. counterfactuals, aggregation, or probability, are unconvincing.
Keywords Identifiability effect  Identified victim effect  Statistical lives  Uncertainty  Risk  Healthcare  Rule of rescue
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DOI 10.1007/s10676-018-9487-z
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References found in this work BETA

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What We Owe to Each Other.Thomas Scanlon - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):323-354.
Character as Moral Fiction.Mark Alfano - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
The Secret Joke of Kant’s Soul.Joshua Greene - 2007 - In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology, Vol. 3. MIT Press.
Should the Numbers Count?John Taurek - 1977 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (4):293-316.

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