Topoi 26 (2):201-212 (2007)

It would not be an overstatement to say that Mulla Sadra’s metaphysical system—commonly known as transcendent philosophy or transcendent wisdom (hikmat muta‘aliyyah)—is founded on the fundamentality of existence and the subjectivity of quiddity or whatness. I will begin this essay by drawing a rather simple picture of this principle under the title “A Common Error.” Then I will proceed by explaining its background and the reasoning supporting it, while offering a more detailed elucidation of the problem. The essay will end by examining two recent interpretations that have gone to extremes in describing quiddity’s subjective nature.
Keywords Essence  Existence  Fundamentality of existence  Mulla Sadra  Predication  Quiddity  Sohravardi  Transcendent wisdom  Whatness
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DOI 10.1007/s11245-007-9017-9
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