AI and Society 34 (1):137-143 (2019)
AbstractThe aim of this study was to develop and validate a measure of robot use self-efficacy in healthcare work based on social cognitive theory and the theory of planned behavior. This article provides a briefing on technology-specific self-efficacy and discusses the development, validation, and implementation of an instrument that measures care workers’ self-efficacy in working with robots. The validity evaluation of the Finnish-language measure was based on representative survey samples gathered in 2016. The respondents included practical and registered nurses, homecare workers, and physiotherapists. A majority of the respondents were female. The full instrument consists of a set of six task-specific self-efficacy items concerning general views of technological skills, confidence in learning robot use, and confidence in guiding others in robot use. Three items were chosen for the shorter version of the measure. The face validity, construct validity, and reliability were established to validate the instruments. Both 3-item and 6-item measures were found to be highly consistent in structure. Respondents with high levels of RUSH also reported more general self-efficacy and interest in technology, on average. A very brief instrument of three items is convenient to include in repeated employee surveys.
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References found in this work
Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change.Albert Bandura - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (2):191-215.
Granny and the Robots: Ethical Issues in Robot Care for the Elderly.Amanda Sharkey & Noel Sharkey - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (1):27-40.
Experimental Investigation Into Influence of Negative Attitudes Toward Robots on Human–Robot Interaction.Tatsuya Nomura, Takayuki Kanda & Tomohiro Suzuki - 2006 - AI and Society 20 (2):138-150.
Caregiving Robots and Ethical Reflection: The Perspective of Interdisciplinary Technology Assessment. [REVIEW]Michael Decker - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (3):315-330.
A Very Brief Measure of the Big-Five Personality Domains.Samuel D. Gosling, Peter J. Rentfrow & William B. Swann Jr - 2003 - Journal of Research in Personality 37 (6):504-528.
Citations of this work
Could Robots Strengthen the Sense of Autonomy of Older People Residing in Assisted Living Facilities?—A Future-Oriented Study.Jari Pirhonen, Helinä Melkas, Arto Laitinen & Satu Pekkarinen - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (2):151-162.
Trust Toward Robots and Artificial Intelligence: An Experimental Approach to Human–Technology Interactions Online.Atte Oksanen, Nina Savela, Rita Latikka & Aki Koivula - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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