Análisis Filosófico 40 (1):123-138 (2020)

Observer memories, memories where one sees oneself in the remembered scene, from-the-outside, are commonly considered less accurate and genuine than visual field memories, memories in which the scene remembered is seen as one originally experienced it. In Remembering from the Outside (OUP, 2019), Christopher McCarroll debunks this commonsense conception by offering a detailed analysis of the nature of observer memories. On the one hand, he explains how observer and field perspectives are not really mutually exclusive in an experience, including memory experiences. On the other hand, he argues that in observer memories there is no additional explicit representation of oneself experiencing the event: the self-presence is transparent and given by the mode of presentation. Whereas these are two lines of strategic and original argumentation, they are not exempt of problems. In this critical notice, I focus on the problematic aspects of McCarroll’s account. I show that it presents some issues that affect the internal coherence of the overall framework, and that some aspects and central notions would have needed more development to offer a precise picture of the nature of observer memories.
Keywords episodic memory  observer memory  visual perspective  mental imagery  theories of memory  self-presence
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.36446/af.2020.335
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Episodic Memory as Representing the Past to Oneself.Robert Hopkins - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (3):313-331.
Observer Memories and Phenomenology.Patrick Eldridge - 2014 - Phenomenology and Mind 2014 (7):160-167.
Memory as Initial Experiencing of the Past.Mark D. Reid - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (6):671-698.


Added to PP index

Total views
86 ( #135,243 of 2,505,221 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
16 ( #51,714 of 2,505,221 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes