Roles and their three facets: A foundational perspective

Applied ontology 16 (2):161-192 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Roles remain nebulous entities, notwithstanding their extensive interdisciplinary research. This paper argues through a meta-ontological conceptual tool of grounding that there are three key facets of roles: a role position, a role specification, and a role potential. A foundational perspective on roles can be specified by “role choices” as to which facet of roles is primary. Role choices are illustrated with theories of roles that are built in compliance with four well-known upper ontologies: GFO, DOLCE, BFO, and UFO. The relationship between such three facets of roles and the GFO-based three kinds of roles (relational, processual, and social) is closely examined. These three facets are also comparatively studied from linguistic (e.g. ‘have a role’ versus ‘play a role’) and methodological (realism versus conceptualism regarding ontology design) perspectives. Furthermore, the family resemblance view of roles as “epistemic trackers” is proposed: the general notion of role is merely (partially) unified by its three facets and helps to keep track of some entity with respect to its role-related aspects. Finally, defining characteristics of roles in conceptual modeling are considered in terms of the three-facet theory. This work provides the grist for future practical development of an ontological module for generic role representation.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,347

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Rights, Roles and Interests.Robert Mullins - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 16 (2):95-115.
Conceptual Role Semantics and Rationality.Bradley Rives - 2018 - Acta Analytica 33 (2):271-289.
The Role of Authority.Scott Hershovitz - 2011 - Philosophers' Imprint 11.
What is Wrong with Self-Grounding?David Mark Kovacs - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (6):1157-1180.
Mengzi’s Externalist Solution to the Role Dilemma.John Ramsey - 2015 - Asian Philosophy 25 (2):188-206.

Analytics

Added to PP
2021-03-03

Downloads
28 (#573,535)

6 months
7 (#440,443)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Citations of this work

Add more citations

References found in this work

A World of States of Affairs.D. Armstrong - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:429-440.
The question of realism.Kit Fine - 2001 - Philosophers' Imprint 1:1-30.
Metaphysical Causation.Alastair Wilson - 2018 - Noûs 52 (4):723-751.
Ground.Michael J. Raven - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (5):322-333.
Concepts and Cognitive Science.Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis - 1999 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Concepts: Core Readings. MIT Press. pp. 3-81.

View all 46 references / Add more references