Gentry Royalists or Independent Diggers? The Nature of the English Catholic Community in the Civil War Period of the 1640s

Science and Society 57 (3):313 - 348 (1993)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The extensive recent county and village studies of 17th-century England are used to examine the English Roman Catholic community. Contrary to the traditional picture of English Catholics during the Civil War of the 1640s as gentry royalists, they were mainly laboring people who sided with the Independents and levelers. Even in the southeast, where the Catholic gentry were most prominent, gentry were less than 20% of the Catholic population. Most Catholics lived in the poorer areas of the north and west of England and made their living by manual labor. In such areas, Catholicism not only survived but expanded, because the Anglican clergy were unwilling to serve in such areas. The laboring English Catholics professed an antinomian spirituality with little reference to the crown, to Parliament, to the landlords, or to the monopolists. During the war the Catholics along with their laboring Protestant counterparts made gains in obtaining land reform, including rent-free or reduced-in-price leases and the halting of enclosures. They also won electoral, tax, tithe, pension, and military reforms and obtained anti-monopoly and full-employment measures.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,931

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Catholics and the Civil War. [REVIEW]John Schuler - 1946 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 21 (1):145-146.
Class Forces in the English Civil War.David W. Petegorsky - 1942 - Science and Society 6 (2):111 - 132.
The English Civil War Interpreted by Marx and Engels.Christopher Hill - 1948 - Science and Society 12 (1):130 - 156.
Strict Just War Theory and Conditional Pacifism.Emily Crookston - 2005 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 79:73-84.
The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
South Sudan Independence.Eric Patterson - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):117-134.
War.Brian Orend - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


Added to PP

7 (#1,410,142)

6 months
1 (#1,512,999)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references