Characteristics of faults and their significance in controlling the oil accumulations in Honghe field, Ordos Basin
Interpretation 7 (1):T195-T206 (2019)
AbstractThe Chang 8 reservoir is a transitional oil pool type from a tight oil sandstone to a lithologic trap in the Upper Triassic Yanchang Formation of the Honghe oil field, southwest Ordos Basin, China. Vertical faults play important roles in the formation and distribution of the sweetness. To predict favorable high-yield well areas and guide horizontal well deployment, 3D seismic data are used to analyze these faults’ distribution, formation phase, stress property, and control on the oil accumulation. The results indicate that the X shape of the east–northeast and north–northeast conjugate shear faults were formed during the Indosinian epoch, and the northwest faults were formed during the Yanshan epoch. Meanwhile, the earlier east–northeast faults partially experienced reactivity and rework later but the north–northeast faults ceased since the Indosinian. The strike-slip faults in the area are classified into three categories based on their intensity, density, formation stage, and oil control effectives: types I, II, and III. The type I faults extended in the northwest and east–northeast directions and were cut from the Ordovician up to the top Cretaceous. They are characterized by the maximum extensions aerially and vertically thereby faulting the thickest strata. Type II faults mainly extended in the east–northeast direction and were cut from the Triassic up to the top Cretaceous in small intension. Type III faults mainly extended in the north–northeast direction and were cut from the Ordovician up to the Upper Permian. The faults connect the C8 sandstone reservoir and the Chang 7 source shale by penetrating the interlayered silty mudrock in between them. The low permeable reservoir also requires additional permeability imparted by the type I faults. High-yield horizontal wells are distributed along intensive type I faults. The water-bearing zones or oily water zones are mostly related to no fault or to the type II and III faults.
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