Journal of Military Ethics 3 (3):233-251 (2004)

Steven Lee
Hobart and William Smith Colleges
Modern warfare cannot be conducted without civilians being killed. In order to reconcile this fact with the principle of discrimination in just war theory, the principle is applied through the doctrine of double effect. But this doctrine is morally inadequate because it is too permissive regarding the risk to civilians. For this reason, Michael Walzer has suggested that the doctrine be supplemented with what he calls the idea of double intention: combatants are not only to refrain from intending to harm civilians; they are also to take precautions to reduce risk to civilians, even at the expense of increasing risk to themselves. The article develops the idea of double intention by addressing two questions: What does it mean to intend to reduce civilian risk, and how much should civilian risk be reduced? The results of this discussion are then used to consider a moral issue that arises in technologically asymmetric warfare, namely, the extent to which the use of precision-guided munitions, which allow more accurate targeting, can by itself bear the moral burden imposed by the principle of discrimination
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DOI 10.1080/15027570410006183
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References found in this work BETA

Terrorism Without Intention.David Rodin - 2004 - Ethics 114 (4):752-771.
Just and Unjust Wars.M. Walzer - 1979 - Philosophy 54 (209):415-420.
War, Innocence, and the Doctrine of Double Effect.Judith Lichtenberg - 1994 - Philosophical Studies 74 (3):347 - 368.

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Citations of this work BETA

Doctrine of Double Effect.Alison McIntyre - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Collateral Damage and the Principle of Due Care.Anne Schwenkenbecher - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (1):94-105.

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