Precaution and Fairness: A Framework for Distributing Costs of Protection from Environmental Risks

Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 31 (1):55-71 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

While there is an extensive literature on how the precautionary principle should be interpreted and when precautions should be taken, relatively little discussion exists about the fair distribution of costs of taking precautions. We address this issue by proposing a general framework for deciding how costs of precautions should be shared, which consists of a series of default principles that are triggered according to desert, rights, and ability to pay. The framework is developed with close attention to the pragmatics of how distributions will affect actual behaviours. It is intended to help decision-makers think more systematically about distributional consequences of taking precautionary measures, thereby to improve decision-making. Two case studies—one about a ban on turtle fishing in Costa Rica, and one about a deep-sea mining project in Papua New Guinea—are given to show how the framework can be applied.

Similar books and articles

The Precautionary Principle and the Concept of Precaution.Per Sandin - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (4):461 - 475.
Risk, Precaution, and Emerging Technologies.Fritz Allhoff - 2009 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).
Setting Premiums Ethically: Seven Models for Distributing Risk Costs.Eugene Schlossberger - 2006 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (2):331-337.
Environmental Victims: Arguing the Costs.Christopher Williams - 1997 - Environmental Values 6 (1):3 - 30.
Aerosol Geoengineering Deployment and Fairness.Toby Svoboda - 2016 - Environmental Values 25 (1):51-68.
The Limits of Precaution.Sven Ove Hansson - 1997 - Foundations of Science 2 (2):293-306.

Analytics

Added to PP
2018-01-11

Downloads
125 (#98,369)

6 months
29 (#37,307)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Espen Dyrnes Stabell
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Citations of this work

Christian Ethics and Human Germ Line Genetic Modification.B. Waters - 2012 - Christian Bioethics 18 (2):171-186.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Anarchy, State, and Utopia.Robert Nozick - 1974 - New York: Basic Books.
Reasons and Persons.Derek Parfit - 1984 - Oxford University Press.
The Idea of Justice.Amartya Kumar Sen - 2009 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Reasons and Persons.Joseph Margolis - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (2):311-327.

View all 34 references / Add more references