Tracy L. Spinrad, Sandra H. Losoya, Nancy Eisenberg, Richard A. Fabes, Stephanie A. Shepard, Amanda Cumberland, Ivanna K. Guthrie & Bridget C. Murphy
Journal of Moral Education 28 (3):323-337 (1999)
AbstractAlthough researchers have been concerned with the effects of parental socialisation on children's outcomes, there has been surprisingly little work on the socialisation of children's moral emotions and behaviour. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of observed parental affect and encouragement in children's empathy-related responding and moral behaviour (i.e. cheating). Moreover, the moderating influence of children's characteristics (i.e. sex) on this relationship was investigated. Ninety-seven girls and 119 boys (mean age = 73 months) with a parent participated in the study. Children completed a dispositional sympathy and empathy questionnaire and were observed in a resistance-to-temptation task. Further, parents' affect and encouragement were assessed during two parent-child interactive situations. Results indicated that parents' positive affect and encouragement were positively related to children's sympathy. In contrast, parents' interactive style was not related to children's empathy. In terms of children's moral behaviour, findings revealed that parental interactive style was related to boys' but not girls' cheating on a puzzle task. These findings offer support for the notion that parental practices involving emotion contribute to children's moral development
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References found in this work
The Altruism Question: Toward a Social Psychological Answer.Charles Daniel Batson - 1991 - Lawerence Erlbaum.
Citations of this work
Moral Education Trends Over 40 Years: A Content Analysis of the Journal of Moral Education (1971–2011).Chi-Ming Lee & Monica J. Taylor - 2013 - Journal of Moral Education 42 (4):1-31.
Located in the Thin of It: Young Children’s Use of Thin Moral Concepts.Jennifer Cole Wright, Trisha Sedlock, Jenny West, Kelly Saulpaugh & Michelle Hopkins - 2016 - Journal of Moral Education 45 (3):308-323.
Effects of a Deliberate Moral Education Program on Parents of Elementary School Students.Chadwick W. Royal & Stanley B. Baker - 2005 - Journal of Moral Education 34 (2):215-230.
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