Self-control Puts Character into Action: Examining How Leader Character Strengths and Ethical Leadership Relate to Leader Outcomes
Journal of Business Ethics 160 (3):765-781 (2019)
AbstractEvidence from a growing number of studies suggests leader character as a means to advance leadership knowledge and practice. Based on this evidence, we propose a process model depicting how leader character manifests in ethical leadership that has positive psychological and performance outcomes for leaders, along with the moderating effect of leaders’ self-control on the character strength–ethical leadership–outcomes relationships. We tested this model using multisource data from 218 U.S. Air Force officers and their subordinates and superiors. Findings provide initial support for leader character as a mechanism triggering positive outcomes such that only when officers reported a high level of self-control did their honesty/humility, empathy, and moral courage manifest in ethical leadership, associated with higher levels of psychological flourishing and in-role performance. We discuss the implications of these results for future theory development, research, and practice.
Similar books and articles
Ethical Leadership: Examining the Relationships with Full Range Leadership Model, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Culture.Shamas-ur-Rehman Toor & George Ofori - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):533-547.
Do Role Models Matter? An Investigation of Role Modeling as an Antecedent of Perceived Ethical Leadership.Michael E. Brown & Linda K. Treviño - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (4):1-12.
Ethical Leader Behavior and Big Five Factors of Personality.Karianne Kalshoven, Deanne N. Den Hartog & Annebel H. B. De Hoogh - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):349 - 366.
Ethical Leadership in Three Dimensions.R. N. Kanungo & M. Mendonca - 1998 - Journal of Human Values 4 (2):133-148.
Do Ethical Leaders Get Ahead?: Exploring Ethical Leadership and Promotability.Robert S. Rubin, Erich C. Dierdorff & Michael E. Brown - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (2):215-236.
The Impact of Paternalistic Leadership on Ethical Climate: The Moderating Role of Trust in Leader. [REVIEW]Ayşe Begüm Ötken & Tuna Cenkci - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (4):525 - 536.
Responsible Leadership Outcomes Via Stakeholder CSR Values: Testing a Values-Centered Model of Transformational Leadership. [REVIEW]Kevin S. Groves & Michael A. LaRocca - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (S1):37-55.
Ethical Leadership Evaluations After Moral Transgression: Social Distance Makes the Difference. [REVIEW]Andranik Tumasjan, Maria Strobel & Isabell Welpe - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):609 - 622.
Integrating Leadership Development with Ignatian Spirituality: A Model for Designing a Spiritual Leader Development Practice.Teresa Rothausen - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (4):811-829.
Do Ethical Leaders Get Ahead? Exploring Ethical Leadership and Promotability.Michael E. Brown - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (2):215-236.
Rethinking Ethical Leadership Using Process Metaphysics.M. Dibben, M. Wood, R. Macklin & R. Riggio - unknown
Work Engagement and Machiavellianism in the Ethical Leadership Process.Deanne N. Hartog & Frank D. Belschak - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (1):35-47.
Work Engagement and Machiavellianism in the Ethical Leadership Process.Deanne N. Den Hartog & Frank D. Belschak - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (1):35-47.
The Ethical Leader: An Ascetic Construct. [REVIEW]Harold B. Jones - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (10):867 - 874.
Does Moral Leadership Enhance Employee Creativity? Employee Identification with Leader and Leader–Member Exchange in the Chinese Context.Qinxuan Gu, Thomas Li-Ping Tang & Wan Jiang - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (3):513-529.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Leading with Moral Courage: The Interplay of Guilt and Courage on Perceived Ethical Leadership and Group Organizational Citizenship Behaviors.Juliana Mansur, Filipe Sobral & Gazi Islam - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (3):587-601.
Leader and Organizational Behavioral Integrity and Follower Behavioral Outcomes: The Role of Identification Processes.Ziya Ete, Olga Epitropaki, Qin Zhou & Les Graham - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 176 (4):741-760.
Does Supervisor’s Moral Courage to Go Beyond Compliance Have a Role in the Relationships Between Teamwork Quality, Team Creativity, and Team Idea Implementation?Carlos Ferreira Peralta, Maria Francisca Saldanha, Paulo Nuno Lopes, Paulo Renato Lourenço & Leonor Pais - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 168 (4):677-696.
Character-Infused Ethical Decision Making.Brenda Nguyen & Mary Crossan - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 178 (1):171-191.
Character Strengths and Ethical Engagement in Online Faculty.Justina Or, Scott Greenberger & Melissa A. Milliken - 2022 - Journal of Academic Ethics 20 (4):533-547.
References found in this work
Ethical and Unethical Leadership: Exploring New Avenues for Future Research.Michael E. Brown & Marie S. Mitchell - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (4):583-616.
A Meta-Analytic Review of Ethical Leadership Outcomes and Moderators.Akanksha Bedi, Can M. Alpaslan & Sandy Green - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (3):517-536.
When Do Ethical Leaders Become Less Effective? The Moderating Role of Perceived Leader Ethical Conviction on Employee Discretionary Reactions to Ethical Leadership.Mayowa T. Babalola, Jeroen Stouten, Jeroen Camps & Martin Euwema - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):85-102.
Social Cognitive Theory of Moral Thought and Action.Albert Bandura - 1991 - In William M. Kurtines & Jacob L. Gewirtz (eds.), Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development. L. Erlbaum. pp. 1--45.
Ethical Leaders and Their Followers: The Transmission of Moral Identity and Moral Attentiveness.Weichun Zhu, Linda K. Treviño & Xiaoming Zheng - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (1):95-115.