Philosophical Studies 20 (3):33 - 43 (1969)

Authors
Ernest Sosa
Rutgers University - New Brunswick
Abstract
The received definition of knowledge (as true, evident belief) has recently been questioned by Edmund Gettier with an example whose principle is as follows. A proposition, p, is both evident to and accepted by someone S, who sees that its truth entails (would entail) (that either p is true or q is true). This last is thereby made evident to him, and he accepts it, but it happens to be true only because q is true, since p is in fact false. Hence, inasmuch as he has no evidence for the proposition q, S can hardly be said to know (that either p is true or q is true). Here then is a formula for true, evident beliefs that are not cases of knowledge. I discuss the possibility of adding a fourth condition to this triad.
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DOI 10.1007/BF02224943
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References found in this work BETA

Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits.Bertrand Russell - 1948 - London and New York: Routledge.
A Causal Theory of Knowing.Alvin I. Goldman - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (12):357-372.
Knowledge, Truth and Evidence.Keith Lehrer - 1965 - Analysis 25 (5):168 - 175.
Knowledge, truth and evidence.Keith Lehrer - 1965 - Analysis 25 (5):168.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Legend of the Justified True Belief Analysis.Julien Dutant - 2015 - Philosophical Perspectives 29 (1):95-145.
Epistemic Value and Fortuitous Truth.Colin Cheyne - 1997 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 1 (1):109-134.

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