JOMEC Journal 13:104-121 (2019)

David Sorfa
University of Edinburgh
Cinema struggles with the representation of inner-speech and thought in a way that is less of a problem for literature. Film also destabilises the notion of the narrator, be they omniscient, unreliable or first-person. In this article I address the peculiar and highly unsuccessful cinematic innovation which we can call the ‘first-person camera’ or ‘first-person’ film. These are films in which the camera represents not just the point-of-view of a character but is meant to be understood as that character. Very few such films have been made, and I will concentrate on the way in which speech and thought are presented in Lady in the Lake (Robert Montgomery, 1947) and Dark Passage (Delmer Daves, 1947). I use Jacques Derrida’s critique of the idea of ‘hearing oneself speak’ and phenomenology’s dream of direct experience to explore the generally understood failure of such films and conclude by considering the implications of such a technique for a homunculus theory of mind.
Keywords Inner speech  Inner thought  Cinema  First-person camera  First-person point of view  Subjectivity
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,683
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

First Person Thought.François Recanati - 2014 - In Julien Dutant, Davide Fassion & Anne Meylan (eds.), Liber Amicorum Pascal Engel. pp. 506-511.
On Having the Same First Person Thought.Víctor M. Verdejo - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (4):566-587.
Thinking About the Body as Subject.Daniel Morgan - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (4):435-457.
IV—Sharing Thoughts About Oneself.Guy Longworth - 2013 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 113 (1pt1):57-81.
Moran’s Authority and Estrangement.Jane Heal - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):427-432.
Moran’s Authority and Estrangement. [REVIEW]Jane Heal - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (2):427–432.
Selbstwissen: Die Grundidee.Richard Moran - 2015 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 63 (4).
Inner Speech as the Internalization of Outer Speech.Christopher Gauker - 2018 - In Peter Langland-Hassan & Agustin Vicente (eds.), Inner Speech: New Voices. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 53-77.
Second Person Thought.Jane Heal - 2014 - Philosophical Explorations 17 (3):317-331.
Inner Speech.Peter Langland-Hassan - forthcoming - WIREs Cognitive Science.


Added to PP index

Total views
2 ( #1,422,914 of 2,462,427 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #299,176 of 2,462,427 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes