Ethics 103 (1):97-103 (1992)

Elliott Sober
University of Wisconsin, Madison
As a species of egoism, Hedonism holds that our only ultimate pleasure is the self-directed desire for pleasure and the avoidance of pain. Bishop Butler is widely regarded as having refuted hedonism. I argue that Butler's argument failed to undermine Hedonism, because his premises concern what people want, while Hedonism concerns why people have the wants they do. Even if the desires for external things were a prerequisite for obtaining pleasure, nothing would follow about why people desire external things.
Keywords Hedonism  Egoism  Bishop Butler
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DOI 10.1086/293472
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Explaining the Paradox of Hedonism.Alexander Dietz - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (3):497-510.
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Butler's Stone.John J. Tilley - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (4): 891–909.
Peirce's Critique of Psychological Hedonism.Richard Kenneth Atkins - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (2):349-367.

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