Time with and without tense
AbstractHow is temporal information conveyed in language? In languages with tense it is direct; without tense, inference allows the receiver to arrive at an indirect temporal interpretation. I will discuss tensed and tenseless languages, proposing a unified approach that applies to both. I show that a few very general pragmatic principles account for temporal interpretation, direct and indirect.1 I assume that understanding a sentence requires that the receiver locate an event or state, spatially and temporally: time is one of the basic coordinates for truth conditional assessment. Sentences in all languages convey information that allows us to determine the temporal location of the situation expressed. One would like to understand how this happens. The pragmatic principles that I suggest constrain direct temporal interpretation and guide indirect. In languages with tense, tense gives direct temporal information; however certain apparent possibilities do not arise, due to the pragmatic constraints. In languages without tense, inference allows temporal interpretation. The key point in such languages..
Similar books and articles
Infectum and Perfectum. Two faces of tense selection in Romance languages.Fabrizio Arosio - 2010 - Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (3):171-214.
Beyond the past, present, and future: towards the semantics of ‘graded tense’ in Gĩkũyũ. [REVIEW]Seth Cable - 2013 - Natural Language Semantics 21 (3):219-276.
Temporal constraints on the meaning of evidentiality.Jungmee Lee - 2013 - Natural Language Semantics 21 (1):1-41.
The syntax and interpretation of temporal expressions in English.Carlota S. Smith - 1978 - Linguistics and Philosophy 2 (1):43 - 99.
Temporal reference in Paraguayan Guaraní, a tenseless language.Judith Tonhauser - 2011 - Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (3):257-303.
Temporal semantics in a superficially tenseless language.Lisa Matthewson - 2006 - Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (6):673 - 713.
The Logic of Time: A Model-Theoretic Investigation Into the Varieties of Temporal Ontology and Temporal Discourse.Johan van Benthem - 1982 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Predicate Metric Tense Logic for 'Now' and 'Then'.M. J. Cresswell - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (1):1-24.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
No references found.