Confronting ethical permissibility in animal research: rejecting a common assumption and extending a principle of justice

Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):175-185 (2014)

Abstract

A common assumption in the selection of nonhuman animal subjects for research and the approval of research is that, if the risks of a procedure are too great for humans, and if there is a so-called scientific necessity, then it is permissible to use nonhuman animal subjects. I reject the common assumption as neglecting the central ethical issue of the permissibility of using nonhuman animal subjects and as being inconsistent with the principle of justice used in human subjects research ethics. This principle requires that certain classes of individuals not be subjected to a disproportionate share of the burdens or risks of research. I argue for an extension of this principle to nonhuman animal research and show that a prima facie violation of the principle occurs because nonhuman animals bear an overwhelmingly disproportionate share of the risks of research without sufficient justification or reciprocal benefit

Download options

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,856

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Analytics

Added to PP
2014-03-25

Downloads
71 (#165,779)

6 months
1 (#386,040)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

References found in this work

Principles of Biomedical Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
Nicomachean Ethics.H. Aristotle & Rackham - 1968 - Harvard University Press.
Taking Rights Seriously.Ronald Dworkin (ed.) - 1977 - Duckworth.
The Metaphysics of Morals.Immanuel Kant - 1797/1996 - Cambridge University Press.

View all 18 references / Add more references

Similar books and articles

Letter to the Editor.Ray Greek - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (5):389-394.
Vulnerable Subjects? The Case of Nonhuman Animals in Experimentation.Jane Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):497-504.
Animal Ethics: Toward an Ethics of Responsiveness.Kelly Oliver - 2010 - Research in Phenomenology 40 (2):267-280.
Marxism and Animal Rights.David Sztybel - 1997 - Ethics and the Environment 2 (2):169 - 185.
A Compassionate Autonomy Alternative to Speciesism.Constance K. Perry - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (3):237-246.
The Ethics of Animal Research: What Are the Prospects for Agreement?David Degrazia - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (1):23-34.
Standards for Animal Research: Looking at the Middle.Rebecca Dresser - 1988 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (2):123-143.