Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):188-193 (2020)

Authors
Prabhpal Singh
University of Ottawa
Abstract
I defend a relational account of difference in the moral status between fetuses and newborns. The difference in moral status between a fetus and a newborn is that the newborn baby is the proper object of ‘parental responsibility’ whereas the fetus is not. ‘Parental responsibilities’ are a moral dimension of a ‘parent-child relation’, a relation which newborn babies stand in, but fetuses do not. I defend this relational account by analyzing the concepts of ‘parent’ and ‘child’, and conclude that the difference in the moral status between fetuses and newborns means one may claim abortion is morally permissible while also claiming infanticide is not morally permissible, without inconsistency between the two claims.
Keywords Embryos and Fetuses  Newborns and Minors  Abortion  Ethics  Moral Status
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Reprint years 2019, 2020
DOI 10.1136/medethics-2019-105592
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References found in this work BETA

Moral Realism: A Defence.Russ Shafer-Landau - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
A Defense of Abortion.Judith Jarvis Thomson - 1971 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (1):47-66.
After-Birth Abortion: Why Should the Baby Live?Alberto Giubilini & Francesca Minerva - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):261-263.
The Moral Foundations of Parenthood.Joseph Millum - 2017 - Oxford University Press.

View all 17 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Defending the Distinction Between Pregnancy and Parenthood.Prabhpal Singh - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (3):189-191.
The Impairment Argument Against Abortion.Perry Hendricks - forthcoming - In Nicholas Colgrove, Bruce P. Blackshaw & Daniel Rodger (eds.), Agency, Pregnancy, and Persons: Essays in Defense of Human Life.
Assisted Gestative Technologies.Elizabeth Chloe Romanis - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (7):439-446.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

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