Agriculture and Human Values 22 (1):17-29 (2005)

Abstract
The Fair Trade movement seeks to alter conventional trade relations through a system of social and environmental standards, certification, and labels designed to help shorten the social distance between consumers in the North and producers in the South. The strategy is based on working both ‘in and against’ the same global capitalist market that it hopes to alter, raising questions about if and how Fair Trade initiatives exhibit counter-hegemonic potential to transform the conventional agro-food system. This paper considers the multiple levels at which Fair Trade alternatives operate to identify the different forms of social action that the movement engages with, and to clarify where the movement’s counter-hegemonic potentials are being realized. I suggest the Fair Trade movement is most successful in encouraging consumers and producers to commit acts of resistance and in supporting redistributive action that shifts resources from North to South. Up to now, however, Fair Trade alternatives appear to hold only a theoretical potential to provoke transformative change in the agro-food system. A reconceptualization of the Fair Trade model and how it is implemented could allow it to manifest more of its implicit, oppositional promise.
Keywords Alternative agriculture  Alternative food systems  Alternative trade  Counter-hegemonic movements  Fair Trade
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DOI 10.1007/s10460-004-7227-y
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References found in this work BETA

Pedagogy of the Oppressed.Paulo Freire - 2008 - In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge.
The Communist Manifesto.Karl Marx - unknown - Yale University Press.
Pedagogy of the Oppressed.Paulo Freire - 1970 - Bloomsbury Academic.
The Power of Food.Philip McMichael - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (1):21-33.

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