Kuhn’s “wrong turning” and legacy today

Synthese 197 (1):381-406 (2020)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Alexander Bird indicates that the significance of Thomas Kuhn in the history of philosophy of science is somehow paradoxical. On the one hand, Kuhn was one of the most influential and important philosophers of science in the second half of the twentieth century. On the other hand, nowadays there is little distinctively Kuhn’s legacy in the sense that most of Kuhn’s work has no longer any philosophical significance. Bird argues that the explanation of the paradox of Kuhn’s legacy is that Kuhn took a direction opposite to that of the mainstream of the philosophy of science in his later academic career. This paper aims to provide a new way to understand and develop Kuhn’s legacy by revisiting the development of Kuhn’s philosophy of science in 1970s and proposing a new account of exemplar. Firstly, I propose my diagnosis of Kuhn’s “wrong turning” by identifying Kuhn’s two novel contributions: the introduction of paradigm and the proposal of the incommensurability thesis. Secondly, I argue that Kuhn made a conceptual/terminological turn from paradigm to theory, which undermined Kuhn’s novel contributions. Thirdly, I propose a new articulation of exemplar and propose an exemplar-based approach to analysing the history of science. Finally, I show how the exemplar-based approach can be applied to analyse the history of science by my case study of the early development of genetics.

Similar books and articles

Kuhn’s Wrong Turning.Alexander Bird - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (3):443-463.
Thomas Kuhn.Alexander Bird - 2000 - Routledge.
Kuhn, Naturalism, and the Positivist Legacy.Alexander Bird - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):337-356.
Kuhn, Nominalism, and Empiricism.Alexander Bird - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (4):690-719.
Thomas Kuhn und die Wissenschaftsgeschichte†.Paul Hoyningen-Huene - 2001 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 24 (1):1-12.
Darwin, Kuhn, and Polanyi.Richard Henry Schmitt - 2006 - Tradition and Discovery 33 (2):49-55.
TS Kuhn a teória vedeckých revolúcií.Jozef Viceník - 1997 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 4 (4):337-358.
The Many Encounters of Thomas Kuhn and French Epistemology.Simons Massimiliano - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 61:41-50.
Thomas Kuhn and the Legacy of Logical Positivism.M. A. Notturno - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (1):131-134.
Thomas Kuhn on Revolution and Paul Feyerabend on Anarchy.Thomas J. Hickey - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 33 (1):102-114.
Does Science Have a Moving Target?K. Brad Wray - 2005 - American Philosophical Quarterly 42 (1):47-58.


Added to PP

114 (#107,901)

6 months
44 (#23,785)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Yafeng Shan
University of Kent

References found in this work

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas S. Kuhn - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Thomas Samuel Kuhn - 1962 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
On the Origin of Species.Charles Darwin - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
The Tacit Dimension. --.Michael Polanyi & Amartya Sen - 1966 - Chicago, IL: University of Chicago.

View all 66 references / Add more references