Minds, brains, and programs

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57 (1980)
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Abstract

What psychological and philosophical significance should we attach to recent efforts at computer simulations of human cognitive capacities? In answering this question, I find it useful to distinguish what I will call "strong" AI from "weak" or "cautious" AI. According to weak AI, the principal value of the computer in the study of the mind is that it gives us a very powerful tool. For example, it enables us to formulate and test hypotheses in a more rigorous and precise fashion. But according to strong AI, the computer is not merely a tool in the study of the mind; rather, the appropriately programmed computer really is a mind, in the sense that computers given the right programs can be literally said to.

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John R. Searle
University of California, Berkeley

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References found in this work

Brainstorms.Daniel C. Dennett - 1978 - MIT Press.
Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - New York: Harmondsworth, Penguin.
What is it like to be a bat?Thomas Nagel - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (October):435-50.
Mind, Language and Reality: Philosophical Papers.Hilary Putnam - 1975 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

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