The midwife case: Do they “walk the talk”? [Book Review]

Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):1-13 (2010)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Expertise depends on hours and hours of practice within a field before a state of proficiency is achieved. Normally, expert skills involve bodily knowledge associated to the practices of a field. Interactional expertise, i.e. the ability to talk competently about the field, however, is not causally dependent on bodily proficiency. Instead, interactional experts are verbally skilled to an extent that makes them impossible to distinguish from so-called contributory experts, the experienced practitioners. The concept of interactional expertise defines linguistic skills as contingent on bodily knowledge. However, recent neuropsychological findings make it plausible that “first-person”-related neural activations would be relevant with respect to the subjects' verbal output, at least when subjects address concepts that refer to tangible objects. Using imitation games, we explore and expand on the apparently arbitrary relation between bodily experiences and linguistic skills in midwifery. In alignment with several findings within grounded cognition studies, the results presented suggest that somehow personal experiences make a linguistic difference, noticeable to contributory experts.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,347

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

What is an expert?Bruce D. Weinstein - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
Interactional expertise as a third kind of knowledge.Harry Collins - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):125-143.
Levels of immersion, tacit knowledge and expertise.Rodrigo Ribeiro - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):367-397.
Epistemological Expertise and the Problem of Epistemic Assessment.James McBain - 2007 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (1):125-133.
Developing expertise in decision making.Gary Klein - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (4):337 – 352.
Linguistic competence and expertise.Mark Addis - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.
On interactional expertise: Pragmatic and ontological considerations.Evan Selinger & John Mix - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):145-163.
Derived embodiment and imaginative capacities in interactional expertise.Theresa Schilhab - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):309-325.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-11-02

Downloads
27 (#593,616)

6 months
5 (#648,401)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Citations of this work

Clarifying interactional and contributory expertise.Mads Goddiksen - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 47:111-117.
Derived embodiment and imaginative capacities in interactional expertise.Theresa Schilhab - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):309-325.
On derived embodiment: a response to Collins. [REVIEW]Theresa Schilhab - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):423-425.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Metaphors we live by.George Lakoff & Mark Johnson - 1980 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Edited by Mark Johnson.
Metaphors We Live By.George Lakoff & Mark Johnson - 1980 - Ethics 93 (3):619-621.
Rethinking Expertise.Harry Collins & Robert Evans - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
Interactional expertise as a third kind of knowledge.Harry Collins - 2004 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):125-143.
Experiments with interactional expertise.Harry Collins, Rob Evans, Rodrigo Ribeiro & Martin Hall - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (4):656-674.

View all 14 references / Add more references