The Ethics of Reasoning from Conjecture

Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):521-544 (2012)
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Abstract

An important objection to political liberalism is that it provides no means by which to decide conflicts between public and non-public reasons. This article develops John Rawls' idea of `reasoning from conjecture' as one way to argue for a commitment to public reason. Reasoning from conjecture is a form of non-public justification that allows political liberals to reason from within the comprehensive views of at least some unreasonable citizens. After laying out the basic features of this form of non-public justification, this article responds to three objections based on concerns about insincerity, cultural imperialism, and the epistemic authority of those who reason from conjecture

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Citations of this work

In Defence of Intelligible Reasons in Public Justification.Kevin Vallier - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (264):596-616.
Public justification.Kevin Vallier - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Seven military classics : martial victory through good governance.Yvonne Chiu - 2024 - In Sumner B. Twiss, Bingxiang Luo & Benedict S. B. Chan (eds.), Warfare ethics in comparative perspective: China and the West. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. pp. 91-112.
The reasons of the unreasonable: Is political liberalism still an option?Benedetta Giovanola & Roberta Sala - 2021 - Sage Publications Ltd: Philosophy and Social Criticism 48 (9):1226-1246.

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Moral conflict and political legitimacy.Thomas Nagel - 1987 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 16 (3):215-240.
Minimalism about human rights: The most we can hope for?Joshua Cohen - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (2):190–213.
Religious Commitment and Secular Reason.Robert Audi - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
Religious Commitment and Secular Reason.S. R. L. Clark - 2002 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206):134-137.
The separation of church and state and the obligations of citizenship.Robert Audi - 1989 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (3):259-296.

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