"Selbsterforschung" und "Vergegenwärtigung". Zur Problematik religiöser und spiritueller Praxis vor dem Hintergrund der modernen Marktesoterik


Authors
Maximilian Runge
Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel
Abstract
Contemporary criticism of religion, which itself mainly claims to be secular and “ideologically neutral”, has some difficulties in finding rational argu-ments that actually acknowledge the value of religious worldviews. Instead of reflecting on criteria for constructive and harmful religiosity, most of the current arguments set secular thinking as the mode and therefore seem to derive from “secularistic” ideology (Habermas). This problem intensifies considering the growing attraction of commercial esoteric teachings because “esoteric spirituality” blurs the conceptual distinction between secular spiri-tuality (Metzinger) and secularistic religiosity. The essay therefore focuses on the argument that the spiritual should be seen as the rationality of religiosity in general and hence should be distinguished from the irrational will to belief which is frequently encountered on the esoteric market.
Keywords Philosophy of Religion  Spirituality  Western Esotericism  New Age  Ethics  Religious Studies  Existentialism  Secularism  Capitalism  Mysticism
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