In Gábor Bella & Paolo Bouquet (eds.), CONTEXT 2019: Modeling and Using Context. pp. 223-237 (2019)

Authors
Martina Rosola
Università degli Studi di Milano
Martina Rosola
Università degli Studi di Genova
Abstract
Generics are sentences that express generalizations about a category or about its members. They display a characteristic context-sensitivity: the same generic can express a statistical regularity, a principled connection, or a norm. Sally Haslanger (2014) argues that this phenomenon depends on the implicit content that generics carry in different contexts. I elaborate on Haslanger’s proposal, arguing that the implicit content of generics is complex and constituted by two different propositions. A first proposition, that I here call the robustness proposition, characterizes as robust the link between the category the generic is about and the predicated property. This proposition is relatively invariant and is, as I claimed elsewhere, a generalized conversational implicature. In this paper, I will argue that a second implicature, the ‘explanatory implicature’, arises which crucially depends on what explanation is called for in a certain context. Given its context-dependence, I conclude that this proposition is a particularized conversational implicature. While generics convey by default that the category and the property are strictly related, the specification of this relation hinges on the characteristics of the context in which the generic occurs.
Keywords generics  context  implicature  Haslanger  Leslie  presuppositions
Categories (categorize this paper)
Buy the book Find it on Amazon.com
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,784
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Generics: Some (Non) Specifics.Anne Bosse - 2021 - Synthese (5-6):14383-14401.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Causal Semantics of IS Generics.Robert van Rooij & Katrin Schulz - 2020 - Journal of Semantics 37 (2):269-295.
Leslie on Generics.Rachel Katharine Sterken - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (9):2493-2512.
Generics and Epistemic Injustice.Martina Rosola & Federico Cella - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (5):739-754.
Simple Generics.David Liebesman - 2011 - Noûs 45 (3):409-442.
Might Generics.Brian Rabern - 2020 - Snippets 39:8-9.
Generics in Context.Rachel Sterken - 2015 - Philosophers' Imprint 15.
Should We Use Racial and Gender Generics?Katherine Ritchie - 2019 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):33-41.
Generic Language and the Stigma of Mental Illness.Lisa Nowak - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (3):261-275.
Generics and Weak Necessity.Ravi Thakral - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-28.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2020-09-10

Total views
6 ( #1,114,392 of 2,462,967 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #299,108 of 2,462,967 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes