Today there is a tendency to do ethics on the basis of what I should like to call the “self-other model.” On this view, an action has no moral worth unless it benefits others–and not even then, unless it is motivated by altruism rather than selfishness. This radical rift between self-interest and virtue traces back at least to Philo of Alexandria, according to whom, “lovers of self, when they have stripped and prepared for conflict with those who value virtue, keep up the boxing and wrestling until they have either forced their opponents to give in, or have completely destroyed them.” More recently, the distinction between those who value themselves and those who “value virtue” has been drawn sharply by Bernard Williams: “[I]n moral theory … it is not the Kantian leap from the particular and the affective to the rational and universal that makes all the difference; it is rather the Humean step–that is to say, the first Humean step–from the self to someone else.”
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DOI 10.1017/s0265052500001655
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References found in this work BETA

The Principles of Psychology.William James - 1890 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 11 (3):506-507.
The View from Nowhere.Thomas Nagel - 1986 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 92 (2):280-281.

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Citations of this work BETA

Too Much Morality.Stephen Finlay - 2007 - In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Morality and Self-Interest. Oxford University Press.
The Human Face of Self-Interest.Ian Maitland - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):3 - 17.
Valuing Activity.Stephen Darwall - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):176.
Selflessness & Cognition.Lawrence A. Lengbeyer - 2005 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):411-435.
Selfishness, Altruism, and Our Future Selves.Pierre Le Morvan - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):409 – 424.

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