A Philosophical View on the Experience of Dignity and Autonomy through the Phenomenology of Illness

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (3):279-298 (2019)
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In the context of the end of life, many authors point out how the experience of identity is crucial for the well-being of patients with advanced disease. They define this identity in terms of autonomy, control, or dependence, associating these concepts with the sense of personal dignity. From the perspective of the phenomenology of embodiment, Kay Toombs and other authors have investigated the ways disease can impact on the subjective world of patients and have stressed that a consideration of this personal world can promote understanding and recognition of their experience. Based on the findings of qualitative studies of the perception of dignity and autonomy in patients at the end of life, this analysis assesses concepts such as being-in-the-world in illness, embodiment, lived body versus objective body or the gaze of the other from a Toombsian phenomenological perspective.



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References found in this work

Principles of biomedical ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by James F. Childress.
The Absent Body.Drew Leder - 1990 - University of Chicago Press.
The Loss of Wholeness. [REVIEW]S. Kay Toombs - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):41-42.
Handbook of Phenomenology and Medicine.S. Kay Toombs (ed.) - 2001 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.

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