What are the roots of human normativity and when do children begin to behave according to standards and norms? Empirical observations demonstrate that we are born with built-in orientation toward what is predictable and of the same - henceforth what deviates from it -, what is the norm or the standard in the generic sense of the word. However, what develop in humans is self-consciousness, transforming norms from “should” to “ought” and making human normativity profoundly different from any other forms expressed in infancy, other animals, or any smart machines. Self-consciousness is the ability to objectify oneself through the evaluative eyes of others. It sets us apart as a species and is at the roots of human normativity. A developmental blueprint capturing the progressive co-emergence of self-consciousness and normativity in the human child is proposed
Keywords Human normativity  Self-consciousness  Infancy  Child development
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DOI 10.1007/s11097-015-9427-x
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The Principles of Psychology.William James - 1890 - London, England: Dover Publications.

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What Is Minimally Cooperative Behavior?Kirk Ludwig - 2020 - In Anika Fiebich (ed.), Minimal Cooperation and Shared Agency. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 9-40.
The Social Roots of Normativity.Glenda Satne - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):673-682.
Socio-cultural norms in ecological psychology: The education of intention.Miguel Segundo-Ortin - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-19.
Belief Attribution as Indirect Communication.Christopher Gauker - 2021 - In Ladislav Koreň, Hans Bernhard Schmid, Preston Stovall & Leo Townsend (eds.), Groups, Norms and Practices: Essays on Inferentialism and Collective Intentionality. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 173-187.

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