Relative Necessity and Propositional Quantification

Journal of Philosophical Logic 49 (4):703-726 (2020)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Following Smiley’s influential proposal, it has become standard practice to characterise notions of relative necessity in terms of simple strict conditionals. However, Humberstone and others have highlighted various flaws with Smiley’s now standard account of relative necessity. In their recent article, Hale and Leech propose a novel account of relative necessity designed to overcome the problems facing the standard account. Nevertheless, the current article argues that Hale & Leech’s account suffers from its own defects, some of which Hale & Leech are aware of but underplay. To supplement this criticism, the article offers an alternative account of relative necessity which overcomes these defects. This alternative account is developed in a quantified modal propositional logic and is shown model-theoretically to meet several desiderata of an account of relative necessity.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 89,621

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Relative Necessity Reformulated.Bob Hale & Jessica Leech - 2017 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 46 (1):1-26.
The Varieties of (Relative) Modality.Jessica Leech - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (2).
Proper names, taxonomic names and necessity.Cynthia J. Bolton - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (183):145-157.
The logic of relative fundamentality.Fabrice Correia - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 6):1279-1301.
The Impossibility of Natural Necessity.David Oderberg - 2018 - In Alexander Carruth, Sophie Gibb & John Heil (eds.), Ontology, Modality, and Mind: Themes from the Metaphysics of E.J. Lowe. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 73-92.
Essence and Mere Necessity.Jessica Leech - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82:309-332.
Relative Contingency and Bimodality.Claudio Pizzi - 2013 - Logica Universalis 7 (1):113-123.
On the source of necessity.Ross Cameron - 2010 - In Bob Hale & Aviv Hoffmann (eds.), Modality: Metaphysics, Logic and Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
The Grounds of Necessity.Ross P. Cameron - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (4):348-358.
Relative Necessity.Timothy Smiley & T. J. Smiley - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):401-401.
Has the later Wittgenstein accounted for necessity?Javier Kalhat - 2007 - Philosophical Investigations 31 (1):1–23.


Added to PP

56 (#252,227)

6 months
5 (#241,340)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Alexander Roberts
Oxford University

Citations of this work

Higher‐order metaphysics.Lukas Skiba - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (10):1-11.
A Theory of Necessities.Andrew Bacon & Jin Zeng - 2022 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 51 (1):151-199.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references