Sniffing and smelling

Philosophical Studies 162 (2):401-419 (2013)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

In this paper I argue that olfactory experience, like visual experience, is exteroceptive: it seems to one that odours, when one smells them, are external to the body, as it seems to one that objects are external to the body when one sees them. Where the sense of smell has been discussed by philosophers, it has often been supposed to be non-exteroceptive. The strangeness of this philosophical orthodoxy makes it natural to ask what would lead to its widespread acceptance. I argue that philosophers have been misled by a visuocentric model of what exteroceptivity involves. Since olfaction lacks the spatial features that make vision exteroceptive the conclusion that olfaction is nonexteroceptive can appear quite compelling, particularly in the absence of an alternative model of exteroceptivity appropriate to olfaction. I offer a model according to which odours seem to be external to the body because they seem to be brought into the nose from without by sniffing and breathing through the nostrils. I argue that some natural-seeming objections to this model rely on substantive assumptions about how the senses are distinguished from one another, and how perceptual experience is put together out of its modality-specific parts, that require defence

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,213

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Smelling Lessons.Clare Batty - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 153 (1):161-174.
A Representational Account of Olfactory Experience.Clare Batty - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (4):511-538.
Scents and Sensibilia.Clare Batty - 2010 - American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (2):103-118.
The Smell of Nature: Olfaction, Knowledge and the Environment.Daniel Press & Steven C. Minta - 2000 - Ethics, Place and Environment 3 (2):173 – 186.
The Contents of Olfactory Experience.Christopher Mole - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (11-12):173-79.
What the Nose Doesn't Know: Non-Veridicality and Olfactory Experience.Clare Batty - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (3-4):10-17.
What’s That Smell?Clare Batty - 2009 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 47 (4):321-348.
Toward a Cognitive Model of the Sense of Embodiment in a (Rubber) Hand.Glenn Carruthers - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (3-4):3 - 4.
Stinking Consciousness!Benjamin D. Young - 2012 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 19 (3-4):223-243.
The Spatial Content of Experience.Brad Thompson - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):146-184.

Analytics

Added to PP
2011-08-06

Downloads
193 (#64,204)

6 months
14 (#62,972)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Louise Richardson
University of York

Citations of this work

The Contents of Perception.Susanna Siegel - 2005 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Smelling Objects.Becky Millar - 2019 - Synthese 196 (10):4279-4303.
Objects for Multisensory Perception.Casey O’Callaghan - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (5):1269-1289.
Perceiving Smellscapes.Benjamin D. Young - 2020 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (2):203-223.
Odors, Objects and Olfaction.Dan Cavedon-Taylor - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (1):81-94.

View all 30 citations / Add more citations

References found in this work

Scientific Thought.C. D. Broad - 1923 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
The Transparency of Experience.Michael G. F. Martin - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (4):376-425.
The Problem of Perception.A. D. Smith - 2002 - Harvard University Press.

View all 45 references / Add more references