Authors
Alexander Reutlinger
Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München
Abstract
Biased research occurs frequently in the sciences. In this paper, I will focus on one particular kind of biased research: research that is subject to sponsorship bias. I will address the following epistemological question: what precisely is epistemically wrong with biased research of this kind? I will defend the evidential account of epistemic wrongness: that is, research affected by sponsorship bias is epistemically wrong if and only if the researchers in question make false claims about the evidential support of some hypothesis H by data E. I will argue that the evidential account captures the epistemic wrongness of three paradigmatic types of sponsorship bias.
Keywords Biases in science  Science skepticism  Creation of doubt  Sponsorship bias  Evidence  Confirmation  Bayesianism  Statistical hypothesis testing  Epistemology  Philosophy of science
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DOI 10.1007/s13194-020-00280-2
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References found in this work BETA

Logical Foundations of Probability.Rudolf Carnap - 1950 - Chicago, IL, USA: Chicago University of Chicago Press.
Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference.Judea Pearl - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.

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Bias as an Epistemic Notion.Anke Bueter - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 91:307-315.

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