Journal of Semantics 38 (2):305-340 (2021)

I identify a class of expressions called ‘emotive markers,’ exemplified by fortunately and alas, which encode not-at-issue information about the speaker’s emotive attitude towards the content of the utterances they occur in. I argue that there are important differences emotive markers and other encoders of not-at-issue content, in particular utterance modifiers like frankly or evidential adverbs like apparently. In contrast to these, emotive markers can result in Moore’s Paradox and always range over their local argument. I conclude that the contribution of emotive markers should be treated as ‘illocutionary content’, on par with the speaker’s other Discourse Commitments, and I model this analysis in the dynamic sub-sentential update framework in Farkas & Bruce.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1093/jos/ffab005
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,512
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Epistemic Modals.Seth Yalcin - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):983-1026.
Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.John Searle - 1969 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 4 (1):59-61.
The Thought: A Logical Inquiry.Gottlob Frege - 1956 - Mind 65 (259):289-311.
The Myth of Conventional Implicature.Kent Bach - 1999 - Linguistics and Philosophy 22 (4):327-366.

View all 28 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Taxonomizing Non-at-Issue Contents.Thorsten Sander - 2022 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 99 (1):50-77.
Intonational Commitments.Deniz Rudin - 2022 - Journal of Semantics 39 (2):339-383.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Emotive Equilibria.Eric McCready - 2012 - Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (3):243-283.
A Note on the Emotive Theory.Jon Wheatley - 1959 - Philosophy 34 (130):235 - 236.
Emotive Language in Argumentation.Fabrizio Macagno & Douglas Walton - 2014 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
The Role of Improvisations in Speech Acts.Aydan Turanli - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 53:159-169.
Illocutionary Force and Semantic Content.Mitchell S. Green - 2000 - Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (5):435-473.
A Note on the Emotive Origins of Syntax.Andreas Trotzke - 2019 - Evolutionary Linguistic Theory 1 (1):90-104.


Added to PP index

Total views
19 ( #585,372 of 2,520,893 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
7 ( #100,832 of 2,520,893 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes