Business and Society 57 (7):1301-1336 (2018)

Abstract
Small businesses in developing countries, as part of global supply chains, are sometimes assumed to respond in a straightforward manner to institutional demands for improved working conditions. This article problematizes this perspective. Drawing upon extensive qualitative data from Tirupur’s knitwear export industry in India, we highlight owner-managers’ agency in avoiding or circumventing these demands. The small businesses here actively engage in irresponsible business practices and “evasion” institutional work to disrupt institutional demands in three ways: undermining assumptions and values, dissociating consequences, and accumulating autonomy and political strength. This “evasion” work is supported by three conditions: void, distance, and contradictions. Through detailed empirical findings, the article contributes to research on both small business social responsibility and institutional work.
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DOI 10.1177/0007650316644261
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Responsible Business Practices and Some Indian SMEs.Chhanda Chakraborti & Debadutta Mishra - 2018 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 7 (2):177-203.

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