Ethics of automated vehicles: breaking traffic rules for road safety

Ethics and Information Technology 23 (4):777-789 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


In this paper, we explore and describe what is needed to allow connected and automated vehicles to break traffic rules in order to minimise road safety risk and to operate with appropriate transparency. Reviewing current traffic rules with particular reference to two driving situations, we illustrate why current traffic rules are not suitable for CAVs and why making new traffic rules specifically for CAVs would be inappropriate. In defining an alternative approach to achieving safe CAV driving behaviours, we describe the use of ethical goal functions as part of hybrid AI systems, suggesting that functions should be defined by governmental bodies with input from citizens and stakeholders. Ethical goal functions for CAVs would enable developers to optimise driving behaviours for safety under conditions of uncertainty whilst allowing for differentiation of products according to brand values. Such functions can differ between regions according to preferences for safety behaviours within that region and can be updated over time, responding to continual socio-technological feedback loops. We conclude that defining ethical goal functions is an urgent and necessary step from governmental bodies to enable the safe and transparent operation of CAVs and accelerate the reduction in road casualties they promise to achieve.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 94,593

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Making Road Traffic Safer: Reply to Ori.Sven Ove Hansson - 2014 - Philosophical Papers 43 (3):365-375.
Why Not Road Ethics?Meshi Ori - 2020 - Theoria 86 (3):389-412.


Added to PP

46 (#342,308)

6 months
21 (#165,514)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?