The Many Faces of Attention: why precision optimization is not attention

In Dina Mendonça, José Manuel Robalo Curado & Steven Gouveia (eds.), The Philosophy and Science of Predictive Processing. London, UK: pp. 119-139 (2020)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The predictive coding (PC) theory of attention identifies attention with the optimization of the precision weighting of prediction error. Here we provide some challenges for this identification. On the one hand, the precision weighting of prediction error is too broad a phenomenon to be identified with attention because such weighting plays a central role in multimodal integration. Cases of crossmodal illusions such as the rubber hand illusion and the McGurk effect involve the differential precision weighting of prediction error, yet attention does not shift as one would predict. On the other hand, the precision weighting of prediction error is too narrow a phenomenon to be identified with attention, because it cannot accommodate the full range of attentional phenomena. We review criticisms that PC cannot account for volitional attention and affect-biased attention, and we propose that it may not be able to account for feature-based and intellectual attention.



External links

  • This entry has no external links. Add one.
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Modularity and the predictive mind.Zoe Drayson - 2017 - T. Metzinger and W. Weise, (Eds), Philosophy and Predictive Processing.
Attention in the Predictive Mind.Madeleine Ransom, Sina Fazelpour & Christopher Mole - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 47:99-112.
Bayesian Frugality and the Representation of Attention.K. Dolega & J. Dewhurst - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (3-4):38-63.
Bayesian inference, predictive coding and delusions.Rick A. Adams, Harriet R. Brown & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 5 (3):51-88.
Predictive perceptual systems.Nico Orlandi - 2018 - Synthese 195 (6):2367-2386.
Predictive coding? Yes, but from what source?Gregory Hickok - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):358-358.
Words and the world: predictive coding and the language-perception-cognition interface.Gary Lupyan & Andy Clark - 2015 - Current Directions in Psychological Science 24 (4):279-284.
The Predictive Mind.Jakob Hohwy - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
Attending to the Illusion of Consciousness.J. Dewhurst & K. Dolega - 2020 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 27 (5-6):54-61.


Added to PP

306 (#58,459)

6 months
164 (#14,367)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Madeleine Ransom
University of British Columbia, Okanagan
Sina Fazelpour
Northeastern University

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

The Predictive Mind.Jakob Hohwy - 2013 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
The free-energy principle: a rough guide to the brain?Karl Friston - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (7):293-301.
Orienting of attention.M. I. Posner - 1980 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (1):3-25.

View all 10 references / Add more references